Strategies and Activities
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that intimate partner violence (IPV) is abuse, which can be physical, sexual, or psychological harm, that occurs between two people in a close relationship. The term “intimate partner” includes current and former spouses and dating partners. IPV exists along a continuum from a single episode of violence to ongoing battering.
IPV includes four types of behavior:
- Physical abuse is when a person hurts or tries to hurt a partner by hitting, kicking, burning, or using other physical force.
- Sexual abuse is forcing a partner to take part in a sex act when the partner does not consent.
- Threats of physical or sexual abuse which include the use of words, gestures, weapons, or other means to communicate the intent to cause harm.
- Emotional abuse is threatening a partner or his or her possessions or loved ones, or harming a partner’s sense of self-worth. Examples are stalking, name calling, intimidation, or not letting a partner see friends and family.
Often, IPV starts with emotional abuse. This behavior can progress to physical or sexual abuse or assault. Several types of IPV may occur together.