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Division of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease
Osteoporosis Risk Factors
Risk factors you
. Your chances of developing osteoporosis are greater if you are a woman. Women have less bone tissue and lose bone faster than men because of the changes that happen with menopause.
. The older you are, the greater your risk of osteoporosis. Your bones become thinner and weaker as you age.
. Small, thin-boned women are at greater risk.
. Caucasian and Asian women are at highest risk. African American and Hispanic women have a lower but significant risk.
. Fracture risk may be due, in part, to heredity. People whose parents have a history of fractures also seem to have reduced bone mass and may be at risk for fractures.
Risk factors you
. Abnormal absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea), low estrogen level (menopause), and low testosterone level in men can bring on osteoporosis.
. Characterized by an irrational fear of weight gain, this eating disorder increases your risk for osteoporosis.
Calcium and vitamin D intake
. A lifetime diet low in calcium and vitamin D makes you more prone to bone loss.
. Long-term use of certain medications, such as glucocorticoids and some anticonvulsants can lead to loss of bone density and fractures.
. An inactive lifestyle or extended bed rest tends to weaken bones.
. Smoking is bad for bones as well as the heart and lungs.
. Excessive consumption of alcohol increases the risk of bone loss and fractures
Health Promotion and Chronic Disease
350 Capitol Street, Room 514
Charleston, WV 25301-3715