Hepatitis B

   Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus is spread by exposure to HBV infected blood or body fluid. In the United States, the most common methods of transmission include: intravenous drug use and sexual intercourse. HBV can take 30 to 180 days to show symptoms in someone who is infected.

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ALL cases of hepatitis B and hepatitis B positive lab results are to be reported to the local health department within 24 HOURS of diagnosis.

Hepatits B virus under microscope. It can take between 30 to 180 days after exposure to develop symptoms, though some never display symptoms. The infected can spread HBV between two weeks and six months after exposure.

Jaundice, or yellowing of skin and/or eyes, is a key sign of liver damage, like that caused by Hepatitis B. Other symptoms include: Nausea, vomitting, right upper quadrant pain, dark urine, clay colored stool, anorexia, malaise, headache, and fever.

A woman suffering from hepatoma caused by chronic Hepatitis B. Those infected with Hepatitis B are at 12-300 times greater risk for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).